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GAF shingles in Archdale

How to Nail Roofing Shingles

Always install asphalt shingle roofs over solid roof sheathing. The nails you use to secure the asphalt shingles to the roof should be 11 or 12-gauge hot-dipped galvanized or aluminum roofing nails, with the heads having a minimum diameter of 3/8 inch. Depending on the situation, the nails should also be barbed, deformed shanked, or ring shanked, and 1 to 2 inches long.

Use nails that will pierce the sheathing at least 3/4 inches for re-roofing with asphalt shingles. After nailing into the sheathing, check below to make sure your nails are long enough. Per square, you should budget for around 2 1/2 pounds of nails.


Materials for Nailing Roofing Shingles

To install roofing shingles, you will need the following tools and materials:

  1. Roofing shingles
  2. Roofing nails
  3. Hammer
  4. Ladder
  5. Chalk line
  6. Utility knife
  7. Roofing underlayment
  8. Ice and water shield (optional)

Steps of Nailing Roofing Shingles

  1. Begin by laying out the first row of shingles along the bottom edge of the roof, starting at the left edge and working your way to the right. Use the chalk line to mark a straight line along the bottom edge of the roof to help you align the shingles.
  2. Nail the shingles in place using roofing nails, making sure to nail through the center of the shingle and into the roof deck. Place the nails about 6 inches apart along the edge of the shingle, and about 3 inches apart along the centerline.
  3. Continue laying out the shingles in rows, overlapping the shingles in each row by about 1/2 inch to create a watertight seal. Use a utility knife to cut the shingles to fit around chimneys, vents, and other obstacles.
  4. Once you have completed the first layer of shingles, apply a layer of roofing underlayment over the top. This will help to protect the roof from water damage and also help to hold the shingles in place.
  5. Repeat the process for the second layer of shingles, starting at the bottom edge of the roof and working your way up. Overlap the shingles in the second layer with the shingles in the first layer to create a watertight seal.
  6. If your roof is prone to ice damming, you may want to consider installing ice and water shield along the eaves and in other areas where water is likely to collect. This will help to prevent water from seeping under the shingles and causing damage to the roof.

It is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions and to use the correct tools and materials when installing different roofing shingles. It is also important to ensure that the roof is properly ventilated to prevent moisture build-up and to extend the life of the roof. If you are unsure about how to properly install roofing shingles, it is recommended that you hire a professional roofing contractor to do the job. Davis Roofing has many years of experience and guarantees you professional services.

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